Not all patients require in-vitro fertilization (IVF) when having trouble getting pregnant. There are more basic options based on your situation that may help you conceive. Your fertility specialists will discuss these options if they are right for you.
Nature Cycle Monitoring
Some women do not become pregnant because of difficulties related to ovulation timing. Cycle monitoring is the simplest treatment option. Duke Fertility Center monitors your ovulation, for timed intercourse.
Ovulation Therapy & Drugs
Ovulation induction is a therapy designed for women with ovulation disorders resulting in irregular menstrual cycles. The goal of ovulation induction via oral fertility drugs or injectable fertility medication is to induce the release of a limited number of oocytes from the ovaries, similar to what happens in a normal ovulatory cycle. The risks associated with ovulation induction are occasional side effects from the medications and an increased risk of multiple gestation.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), also known as artificial insemination is a very common form of fertility treatment. IUI relies on the natural ability to of sperm to fertilize an egg in the fallopian tubes. This is a relatively simple procedure where sperm is placed inside the uterus.
Sperm is collected from the male partner, then “washed” or treated to remove chemicals in the liquid portion that may cause irritation of the uterus. The sperm is then concentrated and injected directly into a woman’s uterus using a small catheter. IUI is a relatively simple procedure performed at our facility and is similar to obtaining a Pap smear. It can be accomplished in the clinic without anesthesia. IUI is often recommended for couple with unexplained fertility and who have been trying to have a baby for six to 12 months.
Basic fertility treatments do not always result in pregnancy. If that is the case, your fertility specialist will review other options such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).